With street parties, the trumpets and drums of marching bands, speeches and a few political rallies, people across the United States marked Juneteenth this weekend, a jubilee commemorating the end of the legal enslavement of Black Americans.
Events started on Friday and continued through Sunday featuring concerts at San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park, freedom walks in Galveston, Texas, and jazz music in New York City’s Harlem neighbourhood.
“This is America’s holiday, not just African Americans’ holiday,” said Gerald Griggs, the Georgia state president of the NAACP civil rights organisation.
“It’s the true Independence Day, the day when all Americans were free.”
Juneteenth, or June 19th, marks the day in 1865 when a Union general informed a group of enslaved people in Texas that they were free. President Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation became effective in 1863, during the Civil War, but could not be implemented until Union troops wrested areas from Confederate control.
In 2021, President Joe Biden made Juneteenth a federally recognised holiday, and most states and many companies give it recognition and hold celebrations.
— CBS News (@CBSNews) June 19, 2022
In a proclamation on Friday, Mr Biden remarked on the 10 people slain in a racist mass shooting in Buffalo, New York, on May 14.
“We must stand together against white supremacy and show that bigotry and hate have no safe harbour in America,” the proclamation said.
Mr Griggs said Juneteenth – commemorated by Black people for generations – is a sombre moment to reflect on the need for reforms on voting rights, prisons and law enforcement seen by many Black Americans as discriminatory.
But he also urged all Americans to “go have fun, enjoy the party”.
Atlanta began with a festival in the heart of the city on Friday and a parade beginning at the historic Ebenezer Baptist Church where Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King Jr preached.
Caroline Ware, 64, was wading through the crowds and colourful tents and bandstands in Atlanta to reach a food truck for a jerk chicken and curry snack.
“I’ll be honest, this is great fun, but I worry the young people don’t think enough about what it means,” Ware said.
“I lived here through the Civil Rights movement, heard the Reverend King here. He’d say we have more work in front of us.”